The basic tenet of Ayurveda involves treating the patient in two way – Sodhana (Purification) and Samana (Pacification). The
The preparatory procedures basically involve prepping the body to undergo the onerous task of purification.
- Digestive juice stimulants (
- Digestant (Pachana),
- Sudation (Swedana).
The preparatory procedures are followed by Pradhankarma or the main procedures of Panchakarma. Panchakarma is composed of two Sanskrit words Pancha – Five and Karma – Actions. Various acharyas have iterated these five actions to be of five different types, but the three procedures of Vamana (emesis therapy), Virechana (purgation therapy) and
According to Acharya Charak, the five procedures falling under the Panchakarma is Vamana, Virechana, Anuvasana
The Paschatkarma involves the reviving of the subjugated Doshas to their normalcy by using up of light food and herbs that promote the physiological balance.
The beneficial contribution of Panchakarma therapy is that it removes the toxins from the body and provides purification of the body at two levels: the gross level, where various organs and systems of the
body are thoroughly cleansed (e.g. gastrointestinal tract, chest, cardiovascular system, etc.); and the cellular level, where purification and cleansing of the body is produced at the level of cells. Panchakarma holistically helps the body back to normalcy; starts rejuvenation and revitalization of all body tissues even at spiritual level; potentiates the pharmacological actions of various drugs and medicines administered after Panchakarma; removes waste products, toxins, and stagnant Doshas; and potentiates physiological functions of all the body systems. Panchakarma not only is a prerequisite for all the therapeutic procedures and medications but also has a full therapeutic role in promoting preventive, curative, and rehabilitative procedures. If properly performed, Panchakarma does not produce any serious complications. If any minor complications are produced, they are easily manageable.
It is important that the full procedure of Panchakarma is done under proper guidance. There are always chances of unwanted complications and a person need to have keen senses and intuition to identify those eccentricities and care the person accordingly to help progress the therapy to a proper conclusion.