On the recitation of Vata, an Ayurvedic personnel goes a long way in describing it as a prime driving force for all of the actions governed in the body. From driving other doshas to their site of action to driving the body as a whole towards work and/or retreat, It is the dosha that administrates the Neuro-Hormonal happenings of the body. Thus, Vata and its hosts of subtypes is the primal biophysical force of
It possesses characters of the wind. It is cold, dry and is in constant motion. Thus, one can imagine when a person has aggravation or depreciation in Vata, these physiognomies gets expressed in the body. For example, a site where neurological supply has been cut off – you can often see a reduction in
Then, let us dive headfirst into the intricate types and subtypes of Vata. Charaka was the one who classified Vata into five types depending upon its function and site of action. They are Prana, Udana, Vyana, Apana, and Samana. Prana drives respiration, Udana drives the origination of voice, Vyana drives movement of bodily parts, Apana governs elimination of wastage while Samana governs the peristaltic forces. Thus, in iterating the prime functions of the Vata and its subtypes a pattern emerges that joins the Vata to the neurological system of the body. Prana controls the respiratory muscles. Thus, its primary location is the lungs and chest region. Udana controls laryngeal muscles and primarily resides in the throat. Vyana has its far outreaches along the whole of the body and is the sympathetic component of the nervous system. Apana resides in the urinary bladder and rectum while the primary residence of Samana is along the length of small and large intestine. Apana and Samana together form the parasympathetic control of the body.
The Yogic texts have sub-classified Prana into five subtypes called Upaprana – Naga, Kurma, Krikala, Dhananjaya, and Devadatta. Naga regulates eructation, Kurma controls blinking, Krikala governs sneezing, Dhananjaya the functioning of heart and Devadutta governs yawning. The primary purpose of Yoga and Meditation relies on controlling the flow of Prana and Upaprana by controlling the breathing rhythm. Georg Feuerstein simultaneously compares and describes Prana as “The Chinese call it chi, the Polynesians mana, the Amerindians orenda, and the ancient Germans od. It is an all-pervasive ‘organic’ energy.”
It is aggravated by Hot, Bitter and Astringent foods and pacified by Sweet, Sour, and Salty foods. The primary symptom associated with Vata aggravation is the pain; however other symptoms like desiccation of skin, increase or decline in motion or various parts of the body, etc. may also be connected with Vata and its failure in normality. Oil is regarded as principal pacifier of Vata. Oil may
Thus, in ridiculing Vata and its subtypes we have to delve into the deep understanding of